Category Archives: July

TISHA B/AV 2017 5777

What is the saddest day of your life? For most of us, it’s the day when someone close to us passes away. For the Jewish people as a nation, the saddest day is the 9th of the Hebrew month of Av — the day when our Temple in the heart of Jerusalem was destroyed. That is what our tradition teaches us. However, it is hard to relate to the loss of something 2,000 years ago — especially since we never experienced having the Temple in our lifetime.

July 31st, Monday evening through Tuesday night, is Tisha B’Av, the 9th day of the Jewish month of Av. It is the saddest day in the Jewish year. What should a person do if he has no feeling for Tisha B’Av? If a person is Jewish and identifies with being Jewish, then it behooves him to find out why we as a people mourn on this day — what have we lost? What did it mean to us? What should we be doing to regain that which we have lost? At the very minimum, we should mourn that we don’t feel the pain.

In 1967, Israeli paratroopers captured the Old City and made their way to the Wall. Many of the religious soldiers were overcome with emotion and leaned against the Wall praying and crying. Far back from the Wall stood a non-religious soldier who was also crying. His friends asked him, “Why are you crying? What does the Wall mean to you?” The soldier responded, “I am crying because I don’t know why I should be crying.”

Tisha B’Av is observed to mourn the loss of the Temples in Jerusalem. What was the great loss from the destruction of the Temples? It is the loss of feeling God’s presence. The Temple was a place of prayer, spirituality, holiness, open miracles. It was the center for the Jewish people, the focal point of our Jewish identity. Three times a year (Passover, Shavuot, Sukkot) every Jew would ascend to the Temple. Its presence pervaded every aspect of Jewish life — planning the year, where one faced while praying, where one would go for justice or to learn Torah, where one would bring certain tithes.

On the 9th of Av throughout history many tragedies befell the Jewish people, including:
1. The incident of the spies slandering the land of Israel with the subsequent decree to wander the desert for 40 years.
2. The destruction of the first Temple in Jerusalem by Nevuchadnetzar, King of Babylon in 423 BCE.
3. The destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 CE.
4. The fall of Betar and the end of the Bar Kochba revolt against the Romans 65 years later, 135 CE.
5. Pope Urban II declared the First Crusade. Tens of thousands of Jews were killed, and many Jewish communities obliterated.
6. The Jews of England were expelled in 1290.
7. The Jews of Spain were expelled in 1492.
8. World War One broke out on Tisha B’Av in 1914 when Russia declared war on Germany. German resentment of the Treaty of Versailles set the stage for World War II and the Holocaust.
9. On Tisha B’Av, deportation began of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto.

Submitted by Jerry Weissman

Cry no more Yerushalayim!
By Rabbi Chaim

I would love to ignore the horrible news, but I can’t. I’d rather talk about much happier things, there are plenty, but I can’t. I can’t ignore the Savta (grandma) who watched her husband, son and daughter slaughtered before her eyes as she barely survived her injuries. I can’t ignore the mother holding the door knob tightly as she protected her five young kids, while listening to her husband scream before he breathed his last breath. I can’t ignore the arab world claiming victimhood over metal-detectors, after two of their very own cold bloodedly murdered two Druze police officers. I’d like to go back to my Bozeman bubble and say “we just need peace”, I’d like to think I can solve this issue by placing a “Coexist” bumper sticker on the back of my Subaru, but in truth, what we really need is our arab neighbors to love and teach life as much as we do.

In Israel, Mickey Mouse hangs out with Donald Duck and Minnie,
in Gaza he sings about using his AK-47 .
For close to two thousand years, since being tortured, humiliated and exiled by the Romans, we’ve never stopped yearning. The Jews in Israel and abroad have been praying thrice daily “May our eyes see Your merciful return to Tzion.”, every Shabbos we pray, sometimes in heartwarming song, “From your place, our King, may You appear, and reign over us, for we are waiting for You….May You be exalted and sanctified within Your city Jerusalem, generation after generation, and for all eternity” and we always pray towards our holy Jerusalem, no matter where we are in the world, while Muslims pray towards Mecca, their holiest site, even when they’re kneeling on the Temple Mount.

Tuesday is Tisha B’Av, our national day of mourning, and in addition to fasting, we must have a collective moment of honesty. Jews are peaceful, we don’t want any person in the world to suffer, including Jews. We need to say the truth – even if a friend or two will disown you – that the Holy Land of Eretz Yisroel was, and will always be, our home. Whether Canaan, Israel, Palestine or Palestina, we’ve lived on its holy soil since Abraham’s days and that will never change. My paternal grandparents were Palestinian, as they lived under Ottoman and British rule in Palestine way before 1948 and our people will continue living there way past 2048! Political persuasions aside, we can, and should, have healthy debates about Israeli government policy, but we can’t, and should never, debate our right to be home.
Cry no more Yerushalayim!
May G-d guard our brethren in Israel and the world over from harm and send us Moshiach speedily. May He protect the armed forces of Israel and the United States wherever they may be. Shabbat Shalom! Chazak!!! L’Chaim!!!



July 6       –

July 7/8    –

July 9       –

July 10     –

July  11    –

July   12   –

Submitted by Brian Schnitzer


From Rabbi Sacks

Contributed by Rabbi Ruz Gulko


The World Maccabiah Games
Hebrew: משחקי המכביה‎‎ or Hebrew: משחקי המכביה העולמית‎‎; plural Maccabiot)

First held in 1932, the Maccabiah Games are an international Jewish multi-sport event now held quadrennially in Israel. It is the third-largest sporting event in the world, with 10,000 athletes competing on behalf of 80 countries. The Maccabiah, which is organized by the Maccabi World Union, was declared a “Regional Sport Event” by, and under the auspices and supervision of, the International Olympic Committee and international sports federations in 1960. The Maccabiah is often referred to as the “Jewish Olympics”.


Contributed by Brian Schnitzer


Another thing we should plan to do before the start of the new year is to clean up the cemetery. If anyone wants to take point on organizing this effort, please contact, and I will let the community know when to show up and what to bring. Thanks.

Submitted by Joy Breslauer


Meriam Nagel is wanting to make an ankle bracelet to go around Dawn Schandelson’s boot. She would like anyone who has some Italian charm links, charms they are not using, or charm bracelets they no longer want, to donate them to this project. If you have any of these items to donate, please contact me by email at, and I will let her know. Thanks.

Submitted by Joy Breslauer


Dear friends,

As we enter the new week, we continue in our struggle for equality at the Kotel and in conversion services. We began this week on motzei Shabbat, Saturday night, with a Havdallah service and rally by Prime Minister Netanyahu’s residence in Jerusalem. We, together with our partners from the Conservative Movement, were joined by around 2,000 people who came to say – enough is enough! The rally was also joined by leading figures in Israeli society, including Sali Maridor, former embassador to the United States, General (Res.) Noam Tibon, author Yokhi Brandes, Tehilla Nachson and others, who came to speak out in favor of religious freedom and against the government’s disrespect of hundreds of thousands of Jews who refuse to be led by the ultra-Orthodox authority.

Rabbi Gilad Kariv, President and CEO of the IMPJ, was the concluding speaker. In his remarks, he stated: “We, together with our many partners in Israel and around the world, entered into this embarrassing and dangerous lack of governmental leadership – our voices loud and varied, yet announcing in one chorus: no more! No more blind hatred! No more hypocrisy! No more redundancy! No more signing of agreements, only to then turn them into empty promises! No more being rewarded for despicable acts! No more speaking about unity on the one hand and acting divisively on the other! No more making one statement in English in Washington and a completely opposite one in the government offices in Jerusalem. No more!”

We invite you to continue following us on Facebook and on our website, where you will find a detailed explanation of this past week’s events, a prayer for unity in Israel, by Rabbi Yehoyada Amir, chairperson of MARAM – Reform Rabbinic Council in Israel, the full text of the speech made by Rabbi Gilad Kariv at the rally, a video from the rally, and more.

We will keep you posted over the coming week as developments unfold. We want to take this opportunity to thank you again for your continued support during these trying times. Even as we face backlash in Israel, your support helps remind us that indeed, kol Yisrael arevim zeh l’zeh, all the people of Israel are responsible for one another.

Reform Judaism in Israel
13 King David Street
Jerusalem 9410125 Israel


Yahrzeit memorials are listed by consecutive Gregorian month, date, and year, if known, or at the beginning of the list for one calendar year following the date of passing.

Compiled by Aitz Chaim over many years, this list is maintained by the Ram’s Horn. Please send any corrections or additions to
May the source of peace send peace to all who mourn, and comfort to all who are bereaved.


Name of
English Date of Passing Hebrew Date of Passing Deceased Relationship to
Sheldon Maznek May 20, 2016 12 Iyar, 5776 Brother of Evelyn Kelman
Marion Kelman May 19, 2016 11 Iyyar, 5776 Sister-in-law of Evelyn Kelman
Dr. Irving “Chick” Waltman Jan 5, 2016 24 Tevet, 5766 Father of Marjorie Feldman
Beverly Tatz Dec 8, 2015 26 Kislev, 5776 Mother of Janet Tatz
Irving Langsam Jul 3, 1991 21 Tammuz, 5751 Father of Helen Cherry
Alvin Magalnick Jul 3, 2010 21 Tammuz, 5770 Brother of Elliot Magalnick
Gregory Scott Merriman Jul 10, 2007 24 Tamuz, 5767 Father of Laura Merriman
Natalee Holly Kelman Jul 10, 2013 3 Av, 5773 Daughter of Evelyn Kelman
Beverly Espelin Jul 12, 2007 26 Tammuz, 5767 Mother of Dawn Schandelson
Hilda Schandelson Jul 17, 1962 15 Tammuz, 5722 Mother of Arnold Schandelson
Rachel Foxman July 18, 2014 20 Tamuz, 5774 Sister of Marty Foxman
Miriam Fischer Jul 20, 1953 8 Av, 5713 Mother of Robert Fischer
Maurice Jacoby Jul 27, 1976 29 Tammuz, 5736
Elsie Cook Mother of Helen Auch


Judaica said to date to the times of the Spanish Inquisition.

The complete teapot.

Remove the top…

It’s a hidden dreidel.

Remove the next layer‘

A perfume/spice holder.


The Hebrew word on the bottom says בשמים (basmim), “spices or perfumes.”

The next layer is…

An havdala flame.

The Front View – The inscription reads, “The light of God is man’s soul.”

But there’s another secret:

A complete Megilla Esther for Purim.

The main body is designed to hold an etrog for Sukkot.

The words say “pri etz hadar” (the fruit of the majestic tree), a biblical reference to the etrog.


Candlesticks for Shabbat and Holy Days

Close up of candlesticks

Remove the flowered tray, and under the candlesticks is…

A Seder plate.

But there’s one more thing.

A hannukiah.

With the shammash (“servant”), the 9th light of the menorah used to light the other 8 candles.


Join us for a special evening with Dr. Andy David, Israel’s Consul General to the Pacific Northwest.

August 4 – 7:00 PM – The Shul of Bozeman
RSVP by CLICKING HERE or by calling 585-8770

Additional Israeli Consul General Presentation:

Laurie Franklin
Spiritual Leader and Rabbinic Intern
Har Shalom/Missoula, MT
cell: (406) 546-9368

Har Shalom mailing address: PO Box 3715/Missoula, MT 59806
street address: 3035 South Russell St/Missoula, MT
Phone: 406 549-9595

Monday Aug 3 5:30 to 6:30 pm
3035 S. Russell St/Missoula, MT

“Israel and the Iran Nuclear Agreement”
• Why is Israel so concerned about this agreement?
• What about American guarantees and help to Israel to offset any additional risks?
• Has the agreement affected relations between Israel and her traditional opponents among the Sunnis Arab states?
• Would Iran actually use a bomb even if they had one?”

Dr. Andy David
Israel Consul General to the Pacific Northwest

Dr. David’s Biography: