Category Archives: 2015


Now that Thanksgiving is behind us, it is time to start thinking about helping out at the Mercy Home this Christmas. For those of you who are unfamiliar with this “minchag,” our Jewish community volunteers to run the 24 hour domestic violence shelter from 2 PM on Christmas Eve until 5 PM on Christmas Day while the staff spend time with their own families. Anyone is welcome – training is provided. The only stipulation is that a male does not volunteer himself – he must volunteer with a female due to the sensitive nature of domestic violence on women. Because this is a “secret shelter” the location of the shelter will be provided to you closer to Christmas.

We usually volunteer for 3 hour shifts starting at 2 PM on 12/24 through 5 PM on 12/25. Here are the shifts that I need:

• 12/24: 2 – 5 PM
• 12/24: 5 – 8 PM
• 12/25: 8 – 11 PM
• Overnight from 11 PM to 8 AM (you can usually sleep as long as you keep the phone nearby in case there is a call)
• 12/25: 8 – 11 AM
•12/25 11 AM – 2 PM
• 12/25: 2 – 5 PM

Please contact me, Wendy Weissman, at 868-5712 or with any questions or to sign up.

Hope to see you there!

Wendy Weissman


Contributed by Janet Tatz


EDITOR’S NOTE: Yes, there are Jews, even in the desert of Montana, and perhaps they are here for just such a time as this.

The following was submitted by Nancy Oyer.

I thought this was great. Nice job, Congregation Beth Aaron (Donna Healy) and Bozeman Chabad (Chavie Bruk)!

Just in case anyone missed it – see below. The story made it to Tablet Magazine and the Times of Israel among many other news outlets. Here are three of the articles out there.

Nancy Oyer

After an Emergency Landing in Montana, El Al Passengers Are Treated to a Kosher Feast
A rag-tag group of caring Jews came to the aid of about 300 stranded passengers on their way from Israel to Los Angeles
By Tess Cutler
November 16, 2015
It could be the premise of a hit sitcom: An El Al flight en route to Los Angeles is forced to make an emergency landing in Billings, Montana, and its passengers are stranded at the airport for 12 hours, waiting for the next aircraft to arrive from New Jersey. But here’s the kicker: There’s no kosher food at the terminal, or enough food to feed nearly 300 hungry passengers, many of whom are presumably Jewish. Well guess what? It happened over the weekend.
At 6 a.m. on Sunday morning, an El Al airplane experienced engine issues and was forced to touch down in Montana, a state which boasts a population of 1,350 Jews as of 2014. “You just don’t often get a planeload of Israelis in Billings,” local resident Donna Healy told The Billings Gazette. Healy, who is Jewish, sprung into action, supplying the stranded passengers with snacks and toiletries, such as diapers. “We thought we should do what we could to make them comfortable,” she said. “Kosher food is a part of that.” (Her congregation, Beth Aaron, paid for the goods.)
Rebbetzin Chavie Bruk of Chabad Montana in Bozeman also got word of the incident. So she packed her three children into her car and drove 150 miles (about a two-hour journey) to deliver a smorgasbord of cold cuts galore, hummus, eggplant, fruit and bagels. “It was a tremendous kiddush Hashem—amazing and inspiring!” gushed Israeli passenger Hillel Fuld about the impromptu kosher food delivery.
Apparently, El Al crew members also went on a Costco run, nabbing lifetime supplies of grapes, Cheerios, milk, and sacs upon sacs of what appears to be onions.
The famished passengers noshed on the delights, kibbitzed, and Facebooked to pass the time. In their 12 hour interim, they had a feast fit for kings and queens due to numerous supermarket sweeps.
The well-nourished, jet-lagged passengers eventually landed in Los Angeles at 4:45 pm.

LA-bound El Al plane makes emergency landing in Montana
Fire breaks out in Boeing 777’s right engine; flight had nearly 300 passengers on board
By JTA November 16, 2015, 12:59 am
An El Al flight with nearly 300 people on board made an emergency landing in Billings, Montana.
Warning lights showed that there was a fire in the right engine, the Billings Gazette reported Sunday. The passengers had to exit using a landing ladder, according to the newspaper, as the Boeing 777 was too large to park at the terminal.
A spare plane was being sent from New Jersey to allow the passengers to finish their journey, which started in Tel Aviv.
With no US Customs agents stationed at the Billings airport, Customs officials were sent from Great Falls to handle the passengers, the Gazette reported.

A Kosher Rescue Mission for El Al Travelers Stuck in Montana

Hillel Fuld from Beit Shemesh, Israel, says that Chabad emissary Chavie Bruk “showed up and instantly put a smile on hundreds of faces.”

They were stuck in a Montana airport with no end in sight to their wait and no kosher food to eat. That’s what happened today to some 300 passengers on an El Al airlines flight Tel Aviv to Los Angeles. The Boeing 777 made an emergency landing in Billings, Mont., when a reported fire in one of the engines made it unsafe to continue.
Passengers disembarked the plane and were bused to a terminal, where they waited for another plane to take them to their final destination—Los Angeles International Airport. There they sat as the hours ticked away and the food supplies—in particular, the kosher food—dwindled.
Hillel Fuld of Beit Shemesh, Israel, says that somehow, Rabbi Chaim and Chavie Bruk—co-directors of Chabad-Lubavitch of Montana in Bozeman—got news of the situation and set about immediately to offer assistance. With her three young children in tow, Chavie Bruk drove a car full of kosher food 150 miles to Billings Logan International Airport, where passengers had been waiting for nearly 10 hours.
“She showed up and instantly put a smile on hundreds of faces. She did it with utter grace and never stopped smiling for a second,” says Fuld, 37, who works in technology. “Based on the constant smile on her face, she is happier to be here than we are to have her here.
“It was a tremendous kiddush Hashem—amazing and inspiring!”
Fuld, who is traveling with his wife and 11-year-old son to Los Angeles, enjoyed kosher bagels, cold cuts, chips and cake. Heaps of hummus, fresh fruit and other goods were also available.
Rabbi Chaim Bruk recounts that the rabbi at El Al in Israel called him this morning and apprised him of the plane trouble. Bruk himself was on a flight to Minneapolis, but his wife snapped into action. She gathered as much ready-to-eat food as she could—they had just received a kosher shipment the night before—piled her children into the car and drove two hours to the airport.
“She was welcomed like a heroine,” says the rabbi.
Meanwhile, the group of tired (but not hungry) passengers remain in the airport two hours later—a half-day now—waiting for the next leg of their journey.

Chavie Bruk, co-director of Chabad-Lubavitch of Montana in Bozeman with her husband, Rabbi Chaim Bruk, drove a car full of kosher food to Billings Logan International Airport for stranded passengers of an El Al flight to Los Angeles that had to make an emergency landing. (Photo: Hillel Fuld)

Hundreds of people enjoyed bagels, cold meats, hummus, fresh fruit, chips and more as they lingered in the terminal. (Photo: Hillel Fuld)

A welcome respite from a long and hungry wait. (Photo: Hillel Fuld)

Fuld, his wife and their 11-year-old son in Tel Aviv at the start of their trip. (Photo: Hillel Fuld)

Also picked up by the Times of Israel

Today’s Torah – Shabbat Parashat Toldot – 5776 – Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies

American Jewish University – Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies

Today’s Torah
Shabbat Parashat Toldot
November 14, 2015 / 2 Kislev 5776
By: Rabbi Adam Greenwald,
Executive Director, Miller Introduction
to Judaism Program
Loving Wisely
Torah Reading: Genesis 25:19 – 28:9
Haftarah Reading: Malachi 1:1 – 2:7
“And Isaac loved Esau… and Rebekah loved Jacob” (Gen 25:28)

Parashat Toledot is a story of unwise parental love and the tragedy it engenders. At the beginning of the story, Isaac and Rebekah spend many lonely years praying for a child, and their prayers are finally answered with twins – Esau and Jacob. Rebekah and Isaac’s long childlessness ought to make them particularly grateful for both of their sons. Yet, this isn’t the case. From the outset, the parents divide their loyalties and their love. Isaac favors Esau, his rough-and-tumble boy, the skillful hunter and family provider. Rebekah prefers her mild-mannered Jacob, whom the text tells us liked to stay in the shade of the tent, presumably in her company.

The rest of the parashah is one long tale of the deceit, trickery, and misery that follows from Isaac and Rebekah’s unequal application of love. Jacob deceives his brother for a birthright, his father for a blessing. Rebekah connives against her blind husband. Esau is left tearfully begging his father for words of love and kindness that the old man cannot or will not bestow in some of the Torah’s most heartbreaking words: Barcheini gam ani, avi! ” Father, have you just one blessing to bestow?” By the end of the story, the family is irrevocably broken, with Jacob on the run and Esau vowing bloody revenge. What began with so much promise ends with alienation.

In truth, the whole Book of Genesis is the story of the disastrous consequences of treating love like a zero-sum game, a limited commodity which must be rationed out and fought over. Again and again we read about characters who struggle for limited love – Cain and Abel, Sarah and Hagar, Isaac and Ishmael, Jacob and Esau, Rachel and Leah, Joseph and his brothers. In every case the result is violence, loss, and grief.

Rabbi Lawrence Kushner writes in his spiritual classic Honey from the Rock that learning that love is not a limited commodity is the great challenge of growing up. He writes:

“Is this not the great childhood problem– and therefore the great human problem: To learn that it is good for you when other people love other people besides you? That I have a stake in their love? That I get more when others give to others?”

Genesis records the infancy of our People, when we were still young and selfish and did not know that there is always more room in an open heart. There is nothing inherently wrong with infantile narcissism; it’s a normal part of human development, as long as it doesn’t persist into adulthood. The sin is getting stuck in a world of suspicion and fear, of failing to mature into the comprehension that our world is not a zero-sum game, but rather we are part of a web of interconnection, caught, in Dr. King’s prophet words, “in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny.” Then, we become destructive.

So much of our contemporary discourse, particularly in the spheres of politics and religion, in America and overseas, suggests that we as a culture are stuck in this mindset of scarcity; that we still believe that love and honor given to others is necessarily love and honor stolen away from us. This week, let’s turn from the story of a broken family to the redemptive start of the month of Kislev, which culminates in the festival of Chanukah. Let’s turn our attention ahead to the message of its candles: That light can be spread freely without diminishing the original light, that the shine of one candle is enhanced, not dimmed, by the brightness of its neighbor.

Shabbat shalom.

Rabbi Adam Greenwald is the Executive Director of the Louis & Judith Miller Introduction to Judaism Program at American Jewish University. Before coming to AJU, he served as Revson Rabbinic Fellow at IKAR, a Los Angeles congregation often recognized as one of the nation’s most creative and fastest-growing spiritual communities. Prior to ordination, he served two years as Rabbinic Intern at Congregation B’nai Israel in Tustin, CA and as Director of Education of the PANIM Institute’s IMPACT: DC program. Rabbi Greenwald was ordained at the Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies in 2011.
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Thanks for joining with us in celebration of Torah.

© 2015 American Jewish University

Submitted by Rabbi Ruz gulko


With many, many thanks to Jerry and Nadyne Weissman, the Aitz Chaim Chanukah party will be on the evening of Sunday, December 6, 2015. We will all gather at the Diane Kaplan Memorial Chanukiah at the Civic Center at 5:30pm, light the menorah, and then caravan to 2777 Green Briar Drive for an evening of latkes, sufganiyot and conversation.

Sound like fun?

Something to be aware of: the Great Falls symphony Association’s Holiday Concert begins at 3:00 P.M. and should be concluding about 5:30 P.M., so parking will be at a premium, and we may have an audience.



My sister, Marcia Tatz Wollner, has led March of the Living trips to Poland and Israel for over 10 years. This is a great opportunity for any 11th-12th graders you may know ~ think children, grandchildren, nieces/nephews, etc. Do not hesitate to contact Marcia for more information if you are at all interested.

The March of the Living is a two-week journey to Poland and Israel. In Poland, along with survivors, the teens visit Nazi concentration camps and become “witnesses” to the Holocaust. While in Poland, the teens commemorate Yom HaShoah, Holocaust Remembrance Day with a silent march between Auschwitz and Birkenau.

In Israel, the teens visit historic and contemporary sites to learn about the creation of the Jewish State, celebrating its existence and meaning of the continuity of the Jewish people. While in Israel the teens observe Yom HaZikaron, Israel’s Memorial Day and celebrate Yom HaAtzmaut, Israel’s Independence Day.

Since its inception in 1988, this journey has become the world’s single largest Jewish education program for 11th and 12th graders attracting over 10,000 participants annually from all over the world.

The dates for this year’s MOTL are May 1- May 15, 2016. The cost, including domestic travel is $6375. Teen will be able to take the AP tests upon their return to the United States.

Applications are available on line,
For more information, contact Marcia Tatz Wollner,
or by phone at (858) 395-3590.

Contributed by Janet Tatz


EDITOR’S NOTE: This was a big hit at our potluck last Saturday evening.

Note From Wendy: I doubled this recipe but here is the base. Most of it came to me without many measurements (only the first 4 ingredients had measurements) but I will tell you approximately what I used:

1/2 stick butter

1 onion

16 oz pumpkin (I used fresh pumpkin that I cooked and strained)

4 cups stock (I made my own vegetable stock)

1 bay leaf

sugar (I used about 1 tablespoon maple syrup instead of sugar for the double recipe but the amount of sugar is up to you)

curry (I used a tablespoon for the double recipe but the amount was not given to me in this recipe)

nutmeg (I ground my own and used about 1 teaspoon for the double recipe)

salt – a pinch

The recipe also calls for 2 cups sour cream that I didn’t use at all. I have made it using half and half and that was good too.

That is how the recipe came to me. I sautéed the onion in the butter, then added the rest of the ingredients, simmered for about 30 minutes and then used my blender stick to puree it (after I took out the bay leaf).

It came from my neighbor – we exchange recipes quite a bit.

Contributed by Wendy Weissman


Yahrzeit memorials are listed by consecutive Gregorian month, date, and year, if known, or at the beginning of the list for one calendar year following the date of passing.

Compiled by Aitz Chaim over many years, this Yahrzeit list is maintained by the Ram’s Horn. Please send any corrections or additions to

May the source of peace send peace to all who mourn, and comfort to all who are bereaved.

Name of
English Date of Passing Hebrew Date of Passing Deceased Relationship to
Dr. Charles (Chuck) Astrin Jan 29, 2015 17 Sh’vat, 5775
Leonard Weissman Nov 10, 2007 29 Cheshvan, 5768 Grandfather of David Weissman, father of Jeff Weissman, Patricia Philipps, Ted Weissman, Sally Weissman and Gale Rietmann.
Martin Renne Nov 14, 2000 16 Cheshvan, 5761 Father of Michael Renne
Norman Handler Nov 20, 2000 22 Cheshvan, 5761 Father of Wendy Weissman


Since we didn’t finish our Torah study on Saturday morning, Rabbi Ruz has graciously offered to continue the study Sunday morning, 11/01/2015, at 10:00 a.m. at the YWCA, 220 2nd Street North, with a possible no-host lunch to follow somewhere downtown. Please remember to turn your clocks back one hour and be there. This is going to be special; it’s something that doesn’t happen often. Don’t miss it.


KBOO | Community Radio for Portland and beyond

Portland, Oregon’s listener supported community radio station. Locally produced music, news, and public affairs programming serving listeners in Portland and around the world.

KBOO is Volunteer-Powered, Non-Commercial, Listener-Sponsored, Full-Strength Community Radio for Portland, Oregon, Cascadia & the World!

Core Values:

Values that are the essence of KBOO and should remain intact no matter how the station changes:
• Community: local, accessible, empowering. welcoming, inclusive, participatory, involved
• Progressive Perspective: questioning, vital, uncensored, controversial, activist resource, educational, journalistic integrity, reflecting justice, peace, sustainability and democracy.
• Emotional Maturity: respectful, honest, fair, positive, peaceful, non-violent, engaging, open
• Diversity: valuing, embracing, bridging, listening, understanding, giving voice
• Leadership: bold, exploring, independent, cutting edge, responsible, excellence
• Creativity: eclectic, traditional to experimental, idiosyncratic, innovative, iconoclastic. evolving, compelling

Mission Statement

KBOO is an independent, member-supported, non-commercial, volunteer-powered community radio station. KBOO embodies equitable social change, shares knowledge, and fosters creativity by delivering locally rooted and diverse music, culture, news, and opinions, with a commitment to the voices of oppressed and underserved communities.

Vision Statements


KBOO fearlessly strives to deliver powerfully just, lovingly eclectic, vibrantly provocative grassroots content while honoring our growing radical revolutionary legacy.


KBOO commits to providing an inclusive, empowering atmosphere to decolonize mass consciousness with humility and integrity, making a lasting and evolving impact on our communities.


KBOO embraces a creative climate that emphasizes fun, truth, beauty, joy, peace, love, and justice.

Programming Charter

KBOO shall be a model of programming, filling needs that other media do not, providing programming to unserved or underserved groups. KBOO shall provide access and training to those communities.

KBOO news and public affairs programming shall place an emphasis on providing a forum for unpopular, controversial, or neglected perspectives on important local, national, and international issues, reflecting KBOO’s values of peace, justice, democracy, human rights, multiculturalism, environmentalism, freedom of expression, and social change.

KBOO’s arts, cultural, and musical programming shall cover a wide spectrum of expression from traditional to experimental, and reflect the diverse cultures we serve. KBOO shall strive for spontaneity and programming excellence, both in content and technique.


A group of Portlanders, disgruntled at the lack of a classical music station, organized themselves as Portland Listener Supported Radio in 1964. They had heard of Lorenzo Milam, a former KPFA volunteer, and the success of the station called KRAB that he had started in Seattle. Lorenzo Milam agreed to help them organize a station, and after a series of meetings, Portland Listener Supported Radio applied for a license for a Portland radio station.

The Birth of Community Radio

In 1949, a new kind of radio station went on the air. It was KPFA in Berkeley, California, a station of the Pacifica Foundation. The concept of listener-sponsored radio was pioneered at KPFA by Pacifica’s founder, Lewis Hill. His friends had told him he was crazy. Who would ever pay for what they could get for free? But Hill was banking on the idea that non-commercial, listener-supported, community radio was worth paying for.

Pacifica’s philosophy broke new ground, striving to “encourage and provide outlets for the creative skills and energies of the community … to conduct classes and workshops … to serve the cultural welfare of the community … to contribute to a lasting understanding between nations and between the individuals of all nations, creeds and colors … to gather and disseminate information on the causes of conflict between any and all of such groups … to promote the study of political and economic problems, and of the causes of religious, philosophical, and racial antagonisms … to obtain access to sources of news not commonly brought together in the same medium …”

Earning the label “First Amendment Radio,” Pacifica offered news, public and cultural affairs, and music never before dared on radio: The avant-garde, the unpopular, the controversial, the in-depth, hard-hitting investigations. All this occurred in the face of legal and political attacks which threatened its very existence.

In 1959, Pacifica started another station in Los Angeles called KPFK. Then in 1960, it acquired WBAI in New York City. Pacifica had proved that listener-supported radio could survive and grow. Now the five Pacifica network stations are KPFA in Berkeley, KPFK in Los Angeles, KPFT in Houston, WPFW in Washington, D.C. and WBAI in New York.

How KBOO Started

A group of Portlanders, disgruntled at the lack of a classical music station, organized themselves as Portland Listener Supported Radio in 1964. They had heard of Lorenzo Milam, a former KPFA volunteer, and the success of the station called KRAB that he had started in Seattle. Lorenzo Milam agreed to help them organize a station, and after a series of meetings, Portland Listener Supported Radio applied for a license for a Portland radio station.

KBOO’s call letters were selected based on a popular marijuana strain called “Berkeley Boo”. Milam helped several other communities start their own stations. Some of KBOO’s sister stations bear Milam’s witty trademark: KCHU, WAIF, WORT, KDNA, KTAO, KUSP, etc.

Milam asked KRAB volunteer David Calhoun if he’d be willing to help organize the new station in Portland. Calhoun, an ex-monk and 3rd year medical student, packed his VW with a transmitter from Seattle, and moved south.

Sleeping on couches and bumming meals, Calhoun and others, including volunteer Gray Haertig put together what was needed for a community radio station. A basement room was donated on Third and Salmon Streets, in downtown Portland. The space was barely big enough for two tape recorders, one turntable, and Calhoun. About thirty volunteers came together to help out: society women, movement radicals, professional broadcast engineers, and musicians.

At a cost of less than $4000, KBOO Community Radio was on the air in June of 1968. The total monthly station budget was $50. The total output was only ten watts less than an average light bulb. A new and important force on Portland’s airwaves was born.

Initially, KBOO was on the air whenever there was a volunteer to flip a switch and activate the repeater signal from KRAB.

But almost immediately, the station began to grow. KBOO volunteers lugged big Ampex tape recorders to harpsichord recitals, political events, and neighborhood meetings. When the Berrigan brothers or Joan Baez were in town, they were invited to the KBOO studio. Local poets discovered they had an electronic outlet. A wide variety of new music hit Portland’s airwaves — classical, rock and folk music.

Listeners began to tune in. Money began to dribble in from listener-subscribers. Bach buffs twisted their antennas to pick up KBOO’s tiny signal among the megawatt giants. One fan that couldn’t get KBOO at home used to drive downtown and park to listen on her car radio. Subscriptions were drifting in.

KBOO continued to grow, despite a subsistence-level budget. More volunteers were turned on to the idea of community radio, resulting in more locally originated programming.

By the summer of 1970, a used 1000-watt transmitter was installed, enabling KBOO’s audience and subscriptions to grow. KBOO could be heard in much of Northwest Oregon.

After three years, KBOO outgrew its studio, and moved to a storefront on SE Belmont Street near 31st Avenue. Walls of the makeshift studios were lined with egg cartons for sound insulation. The restroom graffiti achieved local notoriety for its depth and sheer quantity. Two desks were shared by everyone.

But the station was growing up. By 1972, the non-profit KBOO Foundation was born, with an interim five-member Board of Directors. The umbilical cord to KRAB was being cut. By 1973, the staff had grown to five, with about 50 active volunteers. About 600 subscribers donated an average of $20 a year. Station Manager John Ross got an $80,000 federal grant to help purchase equipment.

KBOO Comes of Age

In 1975, the 800-strong KBOO Foundation elected its first Board of Directors. The KBOO Foundation and its officers got the license and ownership of the station. KBOO became fully independent of KRAB and its parent, the Jack Straw Memorial Foundation. After 10 years, KBOO had come of age.

The station moved again, in 1977, to SW Yamhill Street, and soon expanded broadcasting to 24 hours a day on a regularly scheduled basis. KBOO was broadcasting at 12,500 watts. Rapid growth came to KBOO in its new downtown location. Subscribers soared from 1200 in early 1978 to well above 2000 by 1980. About 300 volunteers gave KBOO one of the strongest volunteer programs in the nation.

In 1980, the station hired its first new director, and began regular new productions. Then in 1981, urban renewal downtown forced a search for a new home. KBOO found its present location at 20 SE Eighth Avenue. Through a massive volunteer effort, a new station was built in 1982 in an empty warehouse. For the first time, KBOO would own its own home.

In the early ’80s, KBOO broadened its commitment to multicultural programming. New Spanish- and Asian-language programs were added. A strip of African-American musical programming was added in 1981. A Hispanic strip followed in 1984. News and Public Affairs Director Ross Reynolds and volunteers teamed up to organize a nightly newscast, supplemented by a new wire service and national newscast from Pacifica Radio. A new station, KMUN, was launched in Astoria through KBOO’s help, much as KRAB had nurtured KBOO. Funds were raised to purchase the new building and KBOO was in the black for the first time in memory.

In 1986, the building was purchased. Power was boosted to 23,000 watts, and KBOO began broadcasting in stereo for the first time. A major federal grant in 1987 allowed purchase of new studio equipment. A satellite dish was added on the roof, and the station bought a remote transmitter, allowing live remotes of community events. KBOO’s success was evident on the radio dial, as new commercial and public stations aired music unheard of a decade earlier.

Listening Area Expands with New Translators

The ’90s was the decade when KBOO expanded its listening area to most of Northern Oregon. In 1991, the station set up a translator in White Salmon, Washington, allowing KBOO to broadcast into the Columbia Gorge. KBOO also has a translator in the Corvallis area.

In the summer of 1991 KBOO moved its transmitter to a new location on the 550-foot KGON tower on Portland’s West Hills. The antenna is now 300 feet higher than before, giving us much broader range. Our wattage increased to 26,500. Reports from jubilant listeners came in from the coast and outskirts of Eugene, saying they were hearing KBOO clearly for the first time. KBOO continues to grow and improve with the ingenuity, hard work and enthusiasm of its volunteers and community.

KBOO Enters Cyberspace

At noon on July 31, 1999, KBOO began streaming online via this very website. The timing was symbolic, as demonstrators were gathering in Berkeley, California, at that very moment to support beleaguered KPFA. We now have a worldwide listenership, received feedback and financial support from listeners as far away as Japan and Europe. We continue to strive to take advantage of new technologies, and we invite your suggestions and participation.

On October 1, 2000 the KBOO Evening News Department went to a full hour broadcast, produced Monday – Friday by fifty volunteers with material both self-produced and from outside sources. Today KBOO has nearly 70,000 listeners, and over 6000 subscribing members. As always, we’re driven by our goals of making radio and information resources more accessible to the community, and by continuing to provide training, free of charge, to volunteers who keep KBOO on the air.

KBOO is a radio station that Bruce became acquainted with while in Boring, Oregon, training with his dog guide Glendale. While perusing the FM dial, he came upon a program that piqued his interest. At the time, it was called the Yiddish Hour, and was hosted by someone other than the current host. We don’t know if the same person hosts it all the time or if it rotates among hosts.

Now it is called The Jewish Hour. It can be heard from 10:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. Sunday mornings, Mountain time. If you click on the link below, you will find a site that lists program archives, their current schedule, and how to listen live on the web or with a mobile device.

As Bruce said when he introduced The Jewish Hour to me, “You’ll never hear anything like this in Great Falls, Montana.”