GEORGE WASHINGTON’S HANUKKAH
EDITOR’S NOTE: I received the following story from a congregant quite awhile back, and it intrigued me. So I Googled George Washington’s Chanukah and came up with quite a bit of information from Wikipedia — not just about this story, which has become part of American lore, but about how the Presidency and the White House have increasingly recognized Chanukah over the years. Although I know not everything you read in Wikipedia is true, the article I read seemed well sourced and at any rate was interesting to me. I encourage you to search it out yourself in the hopes that you might also find it interesting.
Meanwhile, here is the story that originally sparked my curiosity.
Posted on a blog by Rabbi Susan Grossman Monday December 10, 2007
For centuries, the lights of the Hanukkah menorah have inspired hope and courage. They may have also been responsible for inspiring then-General George Washington to forge on when everything looked bleak when his cold and hungry Continental Army camped at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777/8.
The story is told that Washington was walking among his troops when he saw one soldier sitting apart from the others, huddled over what looked like two tiny flames. Washington approached the soldier and asked him what he was doing. The soldier explained that he was a Jew and he had lit the candles to celebrate Hanukkah, the festival commemorating the miraculous victory of his people so many centuries ago over the tyranny of a much better equipped and more powerful enemy who had sought to deny them their freedom. The soldier then expressed his confidence that just as, with the help of God, the Jews of ancient times were ultimately victorious, so too would they be victorious in their just cause for freedom. Washington thanked the soldier and walked back to where the rest of the troops were camped, warmed by the inspiration of those little flames and the knowledge that miracles are possible.
Different names have been suggested for the mysterious soldier, Jeremiah Greenman, Capt Isaac Levy, or Private Asher Pollock of the Second Rhode Island Battalion, all of whom were at Valley Forge. Stephen Krensky, in his lovely children’s book, “Hanukkah at Valley Forge,” traces the story back to a 1778 meeting Washington had at the home of Michael Hart, a Jewish merchant in Easton, Pa., which Hart’s daughter recorded in her diary, when Washington described his meeting with the Jewish soldier.
For me, what is most interesting is that while Hanukkah falls at different times during the year, in 1777, the first night of Hanukkah fell on Dec. 24, Christmas Eve.
Washington’s Continental Army arrived at Valley Forge just five days earlier, on Dec. 19. His choice of a site was sharply criticized. The troops were struggling to build enough huts before the men, barefoot and starving, died of exposure. Mutiny was in the air. One can only imagine what was going through General Washington’s mind as he walked among the troops that night of Christmas Eve.
While some might question the veracity of the story, because the details of the Jewish soldier’s identity may be lost in time, here are its “truths: ” Like generations of Jews before him, that soldier served as a “light unto the nations” (Isaiah 42:6), bringing inspiration and courage to a nation in its birth pangs. And he did so in a perfectly American way, a way in which a miracle did result, the miracle by which the light from one religion helps give comfort and courage to another.
It is just such religious tolerance and cooperation that the world needs so desperately today.